What's the Difference Between Construction Loans and Rehab Loans?
Both types of home loans require the use of a contractor, require plans, approved project details, and a period of time when the home may not be habitable while the construction or rehabilitation work is happening.
Some people want to build on their own land using either an FHA mortgage with a low 3.5% down payment requirement in most cases, or a VA construction loan (for eligible borrowers who have served a minimum required time in uniform) that requires 0% down.
Others may want to buy a fixer-upper and use an FHA rehab loan to repair and renovate the property instead. And still others may be interested in buying a fixer upper to “flip”, or repair and resell within a short period of time.
Property flipping is generally discouraged by FHA loan rules in HUD 4000.1. According to page 146, “A Property that is being resold 90 Days or fewer following the sellers date of acquisition is not eligible for an FHA-insured Mortgage.”
But for those who wish to be owner/occupiers, an FHA rehab loan is an excellent option to consider. The borrower is not restricted in any way from freely selling or transferring a property to another person once the deal is closed.
But for property flippers there IS a restriction on a lender trying to approve a home loan for properties which have been in the current owner’s possession for 90 days or less.
FHA construction loans and FHA rehab loans have similar requirements. Whether you want to build on your own land or buy a fixer-upper property to renovate with an FHA Rehab loan, both types of mortgages require occupancy, and both require the home to be brought up to FHA standards and local building code as a condition of loan approval.
Rehab loans are good for the borrower who doesn’t want to customize the entire house with a floor plan created especially for them, but do want to remodel in interior, improve the exterior, etc. Construction loans are great for the person who wants every aspect of the home to be something the borrower personally approves of.
Rehab loans and construction loans are two different things; there isn’t a one-size fits all FHA loan for both renovation and new construction. Ask your loan officer to explain the nuances of the loan program that works best for your specific needs to buy or build a home.
FHA, VA, and USDA: One-Time Close Loans
Want More Information About One-Time Close Loans?
We have done extensive research on the FHA (Federal Housing Administration), the VA (Department of Veterans Affairs) and the USDA (United States Department of Agriculture) One-Time Close Construction loan programs. We have spoken directly to licensed lenders that originate these residential loan types in most states and each company has supplied us the guidelines for their products. We can connect you with mortgage loan officers who work for lenders that know the product well and have consistently provided quality service. If you are interested in being contacted by a licensed lender in your area, please send responses to the questions below. All information is treated confidentially.
FHA.com provides information and connects consumers to qualified One-Time Close lenders in an effort to raise awareness about this loan product and to help consumers receive higher quality service. We are not paid for endorsing or recommending the lenders or loan originators and do not otherwise benefit from doing so. Consumers should shop for mortgage services and compare their options before agreeing to proceed.
Please note that investor guidelines for the FHA, VA, and USDA One-Time Close Construction Program only allow
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- Send your first and last name, e-mail address, and contact telephone number.
- Tell us the city and state of the proposed property.
- Tell us your and/or the Co-borrower’s credit profile: Excellent – (680+), Good - (640-679), Fair – (620-639) or Poor- (Below 620). 620 is the minimum qualifying credit score for this product.
- Are you or your spouse (Co-borrower) eligible veterans? If either of you are eligible veterans, down payments as low as $0 may be available up to the maximum amount your debt-to-income ratio per VA will allow – there are no maximum loan amounts as per VA guidelines. Most lenders will go up to $750,000 and review higher loan amounts on a case by case basis. If not, the FHA down payment is 3.5% up to the maximum FHA lending limit for your county.
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